Breast Cancer ScreeningFrom 2006-2010, 169 women in Jessamine County were diagnosed with breast cancer. Of these women 26 died from this disease. Aside from non-melanoma skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States. Breast cancer forms in tissues of the breast. It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare. Everyone, especially women, between the ages of 21 to 64 years should do monthly breast selfexaminations. Studies show that regular breast self-exams combined with annual exams by a health care provider, improves the chances of detecting cancer early. The more you examine your breasts, the more easily changes will be detected. Breast self-exam is an essential part of taking care of yourself.
Where Can I Go to Get Breast Cancer Screening at low to no cost?
The Jessamine County Health Department offers low to no cost breast cancer screenings to Jessamine County residents with no insurance. Our patients may receive a physical exam which includes a PAP test, breast exam, mammogram referral (if needed), and a referral for a colonoscopy if medically appropriate. Our fees are based on a sliding scare fee. Call 859-885-4149 for more information.
Income Eligibility: The Kentucky Women’s Cancer Screening Program provides low-cost mammograms and Pap tests through health departments in every county.
Three factors are used to determine eligibility for breast cancer screening:
- Uninsured (no private insurance, no Medicaid, no Medicare).
Women age 40-64 who meet guidelines are eligible for screenings every year.
Women younger than 40 are eligible to receive screening services if they have a family history of breast cancer. Low-cost annual Pap tests are provided to uninsured women at or below 250 percent of the poverty level beginning three years after the onset of sexual activity or no later than 21 years of age.
Breast cancer screening means checking a woman’s breasts for cancer before there are signs or symptoms of the disease. Three main tests are used to screen the breasts for cancer. Talk to your doctor about which tests are right for you, and when you should have them.
- Mammogram. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are the best method to detect breast cancer early when it is easier to treat and before it is big enough to feel or cause symptoms. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer. If you are age 50 to 74 years, be sure to have a screening mammogram every two years. If you are age 40–49 years, talk to your doctor about when and how often you should have a screening mammogram.
- Clinical breast exam. A clinical breast exam is an examination by a doctor or nurse, who uses his or her hands to feel for lumps or other changes.
- Breast self-exam. A breast self-exam is when you check your own breasts for lumps, changes in size or shape of the breast, or any other changes in the breasts or underarm (armpit)
Which tests to choose: Having a clinical breast exam or a breast self-exam have not been found to decrease risk of dying from breast cancer. Keep in mind that, at this time, the best way to find breast cancer is with a mammogram. If you choose to have clinical breast exams and to perform breast self-exams, be sure you also get regular mammograms.
More about Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/basic_info/prevention.htm
More about Risk Factors http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/basic_info/risk_factors.htm
More about Symptoms http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/basic_info/symptoms.htm