Colon Cancer

Of cancers that affect both men and women, colorectal cancer is the second leading cancer killer in the United States, but it doesn’t have to be. If everybody aged 50 or older had regular screening tests,screening tests, as many as 60% of deaths from colorectal cancer could be prevented.
Screening can find precancerous polyps—abnormal growths in the colon or rectum—so that they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure. About nine out of every 10 people whose colorectal cancer is found early and treated are still alive five years later.

Where can I go to get a Colon Cancer Screening at little or no cost?

The Jessamine County Health Department offers no cost colon cancer screenings to Jessamine County residents with no insurance.  Our patients may receive a Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) Kit and/or a referral for a colonoscopy if medically appropriate for qualifying patients.

The Jessamine County Health Department offers two (2) types of colon cancer screenings for qualifying patents:

1) Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) Kit (qualifying requirements)

FIT is a screening option that allows patients to procure samples in the comfort of their homes and at their convenience. Once the sample is collected, patients are given a postage-free envelope to mail in the sample to the state laboratory where results will be determined.  The local health department patient navigator will then be notified of the result and will contact the patient.

If the results are Negative (-):  no further testing is required until recommended re-screening determined by health care provider. If the results are positive (+):  Patient navigator will refer patient onto a colonoscopy.

2) Colonoscopy (medical referral only) – some patient may fall directly into a high-risk category and may be referred directly to a colonoscopy.  Our Patient Navigator will perform a medical history on each patient to determine high-risk status for colon cancer.

 Who qualifies for a FIT Kit?

  1. Age:  50-64; African American age 45-64. A person under age 50 may qualify if certain high risk conditions/factors exist.
  2. US Citizen or Qualified Alien
  3. Legal Resident of KY
  4. Must be uninsured
  5. Income at or below 250% of the federal poverty level.

Who qualifies for a colonoscopy?

  1. Patients that qualify for a FIT kit and receive negative (-) results
  2. High-risk patients that qualify for the program based on age, income, and medical history (determined by local health department)

More about Prevention of Colon Cancer:
http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/prevention.htm

More about Risk Factors of Colon Cancer:
http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/risk_factors.htm

More about Symptoms of Colon Cancer:
http://chfs.ky.gov/dph/coloncancer.htm